Emergency Conservation & Preparation of a Detailed Conservation Project on Bab Al-'Azab & its Immediate Surroundings

“The lower enclosure of the Citadel” is a huge heritage site, which includes 12 registered monuments and 46 non-registered historic buildings of heritage value. The lower enclosure of the Citadel” has been neglected during the five past decades and has fallen into severe degradation. Through this project, a section of the site received conservation interventions. Director: Nairy Hampikian

“The lower enclosure of the Citadel” is a huge heritage site, which includes 12 registered monuments and 46 non-registered historic buildings of heritage value. This area is eclipsed by the so defined ‘touristic’ “Upper Enclosure of the Citadel”, where lie, among others, Muhammad Ali mosque and Nassir Muhammad famous mosques. But the importance of “The lower enclosure of the Citadel” is unquestionable. It includes the collective memory of the Citadel since its foundation in 1176-1183 by Salah al-Din to its occupation by the Egyptian Army since 1952. Unfortunately, “The lower enclosure of the Citadel” has been neglected during the five past decades and has fallen into severe degradation. The arena of activities that took place with the AEF grant was in a section of the lower enclosure and it includes: the area around Bab al-‘Azab: 1. Bab al-‘Azab (1754), 2. Double arm staircase & carriage ramp (Muhammad Ali), 3. Structure on the northern side (19th c), 4. Square, 5. Staircase (19th c), and, 6. Structure from Khedewi Ismail. The work scope included: 1) Emergency protective and decay-preventive practical conservation activities in the chosen area and 2) Preparation of a full practical conservation/rehabilitation/reuse/sustainability action plan for the SIX separate parts within the zone of action.

Project Details


Location: Cairo, Egypt, Northern Africa, Africa Organiser(s): Hampikian Architecture and Heritage Management Funder(s): American Research Center in Egypt - Antiquities Endowment Fund Grant Funding received: $98,110 Commencement Date: 03/2018 Project Status: Completed
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