Conserving Indigenous Memories of Land Privatisation in Mexico: Michoacán’s Libros de Hijuelas, 1719-1929

In the 19th century, Mexico underwent the process of privatisation of indigenous lands. The process was recorded through the hijuelas – deed books. The books were physically and politically endangered, due to the storage conditions and the unstable situation in the state of Michoacán. Digitisation was necessary to safeguard this resource.

The privatisation of indigenous lands—the reparto de tierras—is an epochal but poorly understood process in Mexican history, remaining largely trapped in narratives of liberal nation‐building or postcolonial despoilment. Yet, there is no knowledge of how indigenous people experienced the reparto. As the one complete surviving record of a state-wide Mexican reparto, the hijuelas offer historians valuable insights into a major agrarian/economic transformation and a deeper understanding of changes in indigenous notions of property, agricultural practice, ethnic rule, and identity. Additionally, the hijuelas are important for comparative scholarship and for indigenous scholarship and activism today.

Physically, the books languish in Michoacán’s under-resourced state archive, exposed to sunlight, damp and theft, and showing clear signs of zoological infestation. Politically, Michoacán is very insecure with whole districts controlled by drug cartels or communitarian self-defence forces. For many researchers, the state is inaccessible.

The project digitised almost 200 hijuelas. The project trained the local archive staff and four students in digitisation techniques, and the equipment used during the project was donated to the archive to ensure the continuation of digitisation efforts. Plans for scholarly dissemination of the material are bringing together 20 scholars from the UK, Germany, France, Mexico and the US.

Project Details

Location: Mexico, Central America, Americas Organiser(s): Endangered Archives Programme (EAP) Project partner(s): University of Texas, Austin Funder(s): Arcadia Funding received: £46,233 Commencement Date: 09/2016 Project Status: Completed
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